The Role of Automation Companies within Industrialization
Automation companies are responsible for the manufacturing of various control systems, which includes programmable logic controllers, numerical controllers, and other industrial control systems. Automation companies make it thus possible for applications of information technology, such as computer-aided technologies (CAx, CAM, CAD), to be used in collaboration with automation systems to ultimately control industrial processes and machinery. The need for human intervention is thus drastically reduced. Compared in the scope of industrialization, automation companies are a step beyond mechanization companies. Automation companies manufacture control systems which reduces the need for physical human requirements, as well as human sensory and mental requirements. In stark contrast, mechanization companies only manufacture control systems which assist humans with the physical requirements.
Automation Companies Experiencing a Shift in Emphasis
In is interesting to note that automation companies have shifted their purpose of automation from increased productivity and reduced costs to broader issues which include increased quality and flexibility in the in the manufacturing process.
Companies have come to the realization that the old focus on using automation only to achieve increased productivity and reduced costs was short-sighted. It is also necessary to provide a skilled workforce who can manage the machinery and make repairs. Many companies also experienced that the initial costs of automation were high and it happened regularly that it could not be fully recovered by the time new manufacturing processes replaced the old.
Nowadays, these companies primarily apply automation to increase quality within the manufacturing process; automation can thus increase quality substantially. Automated machine installation of pistons into engines, for example, has dramatically contributed to the low error rate when compared to that of manual installation. Automation companies have also identified hazardous operations as good contenders for automation. These include the manufacturing of industrial chemicals, all forms of metal working, and the process of oil refining.
Controversial Factors surrounding Automation Companies
Although automation companies are praised in the industrialization sector for increasing overall quality and productivity, and significantly reducing costs, there are a number of controversial factors surrounding them. Some of these include:
For many people looking in from the outside of industrialization, automation companies are responsible for the large unemployment number worldwide; encouraging machines to take over the work of human beings. However, people should realize that automation companies do not single unemployment when it works to our advantage. Think automatic washing machines at home or when exploring outer space;
- Replacement of Human Beings
No matter how advanced automation companies get, fact remains that artificial intelligence can never improve or replace the human brain. Robots will forever remain fully automated and fully autonomous to human beings; and
The impact which automation companies have on the environment differs according to the specific engine, technology, or product automated. For example, some automated engines consume more of the earth’s energy resources when compared to previous engines.